Obesity or being overweight is not just a cosmetic issue, but a serious medical problem. Obesity is a condition when your BMI is 30 or more, while being overweight is when your BMI is between 25 and 29.9.
A sedentary lifestyle, piling on too many calories by way of junk food, lack of sleep, medical problems and psychological issues, among others are all causes that lead to obesity.
Among the health risks that are associated with obesity are:
Heart disease and high BP
With an increase in your BMI, your risk for heart disease also goes up. Coronary disease is a condition wherein there is plaque build-up in the arteries which supply oxygenated blood to the heart. Obesity can cause heart failure in some cases and high blood pressure in most cases.
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition wherein blood sugar is really high, and the cells don't use insulin in a proper manner. The body slowly won't be in a position to produce insulin. Diabetes further leads to kidney disease, stroke or blindness in some cases.
Cancer, including that of cervix, ovaries, colon, breast or ovaries among others, is also an offshoot of obesity. Production of hormones like oestrogen can trigger growth of cancer cells.
Obesity also leads to many gynaecologic problems, and could cause irregular periods, or infertility.
Osteoarthritis is a problem that is an offshoot of obesity in many cases, and causes pain in the joints – back, hips and knees. Osteoarthritis is caused when the tissue that protects your joints wears out.
People who are obese have a higher risk of suffering from gallstones, which are stone-like pieces that form in the gall bladder. If you are overweight or obese, you have a greater risk of suffering from gallstones.
If you have a lot of fat in the area around your neck, it could cause sleep apnoea, a disorder that leads to shallow breathing.
When you are obese, there is an extra burden on your kidneys. The uric acid levels in the body will increase because the kidneys can't do their job of flushing it out. Increased levels of uric acid cause gout, which is a form of arthritis. The incidence of gout in turn leads to hypertension, and diabetes.
Obesity can lead to a serious of emotional and behavioral problems. It could cause sexual problems, emotional insecurity, shyness, poor self-esteem, shame, and depression, among others.