Are you worried about your weight? You should be, if you are obese. Obesity is a condition wherein your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or more. If your BMI is between 25 and 29.9, you are overweight.
Obesity poses many health risks, including but not limited to the following:
- Obesity puts you at risk of having a high blood pressure and cholesterol, which consequently leads to stroke or heart disease. When you have a high level of fat in your blood, you could have high blood cholesterol.
- Doctors suggest that even a small reduction in weight can lower your chances of contracting heart disease.
- There is a link between BMI and Type 2 diabetes as well. When you are obese, there is extra pressure on your body to use insulin to control levels of blood sugar. This leads to diabetes.
- If you have diabetes, and are overweight or obese, you are invariably advised to lose weight. You would need to get enough exercise, eat a balanced meal and get a decent amount of sleep.
- Gallstones or disease of the gall bladder occur more commonly if one is overweight than otherwise. Because obesity pushes up the cholesterol levels in bile, the likelihood of gallstones forming is higher.
- Osteoarthritis, the condition wherein your tissues in the joints degenerate, is also linked to obesity. If you are obese, it adds extra burden on the joints.
- Gout is also a condition that is more prevalent n people who are overweight/obese. Gout affects your joints, and happens when there is excessive uric acid in the blood.
- Sleep apnoea, a condition, when a person snores heavily during sleep, also increases when you are obese. Sleep apnoea also leads to heart problems and stroke in some cases.
- Studies have shown that some cancers are associated with obesity. Typically, cancers of the breast, endometrium, kidney and colon, apart from ovaries, pancreas or the gall bladder are linked to obesity.
- If you are obese, the chances of infertility are also greater. Obesity can cause imbalances in hormonal production, and also lead to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Pregnancy complications increase if a woman is obese. Some of the risks are hypertension, gestational diabetes, and miscarriage.
- Obesity and depression are closely linked to each other. Studies show that mood disorders, low self-esteem, anxiety and nervousness are a result of depression. The reverse is also true, and people who are depressed tend to have eating disorders, stop exercising and become sedentary, leading to obesity.
If you are obese, you would need to speak to your doctor immediately about weight loss techniques. You should use a combination of diet and exercise, sleep well, and avoid stress. Also, you should change your lifestyle and avoid sedentary habits.