There are many people who have a slow metabolism and even if they hardly eat something more they still gain weight. And there are some people you come across who eat whatever they want such as sweets, large portions of fried/processed/junk food and still due to their fast metabolism rate they never gain weight. You are sure to come across these two kinds of personalities. Because of this people ask dietitian so many questions that arise in their mind:
The answer to all of these questions includes mix of genes as well as the environment.
WHAT IS METABOLISM?
Metabolism or metabolic rate is the chain of chemical response in a living organisms and animals that generates and breaks down the energy which is essential for life. Metabolic rate is the rate at which, our body spends energy or otherwise burns calories.
Our bodies spend energy/burn calories in many ways:
- By BMR (basal metabolic rate).Energy needed to keep the body working at rest; is called as basal metabolic rate (BMR). Although your genes partially play a role in deciding your weight.
- Through day to day activities
- By exercise
Metabolism is partially genetic and mostly outside of individual's control. Few persons are just lucky as their here dietary genes encourage a faster metabolism. Because of this they can eat more without putting weight as compared to others. But others are notas lucky and many of them end up with a slow metabolic rate.
Another way to look at metabolic rate is to see your body equally as a car engine which is always running. Even when you are sitting or sleeping, your body will burn a certain quantity of energy to keeps your body functioning at rest. For humans, the energy source is carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Whatever we eat and drink we get calories through that food.Thatenergy can be either used to produce work right away or stored for use in future.
How many calories our body burn on average, over time is determined by how faster your body's “engine” runs,if your metabolic rate is “high”, you are going to burn more calories during rest as well as during any activity. A high metabolic rate means you will need more calories to maintain your body weight. This is the one reason few people do not put on weight even after eating more than others. Low metabolic rate person will burn less calories during rest and during any activity hence, they have to eat less to maintain their body weight and avoid being overweight.
SECRETS FROM DIETITIAN:
Lean people have a tendency to be extra active during day to day activities than the people who are overweight or obese. The reason is, they jiggle more and hence, they have a tendency to be active even when involved in non-exercise actions. Whether this affinity to be active is hereditarily programmed or induced is uncertain. However it can add or otherwise deduct hundreds of calories every day.
On average obese people spend more calories than lean people because it takes more efforts to move around during any activities. But they are inclined to be live sedentary life style, which makes them harder to throw away body fat and to lose belly fat.
How to lose weight naturally? How to reduce weight? How to lose belly fat?
Some part is reality and some part is myth that metabolic rate is the important for weight. The growing epidemic of obesity in the country cannot be entirely blamed on hereditary tendency to have slow metabolic rate. Genes does not alter that speedily. But environment changes, change in diet, less exercise have more effects. The reality is that for many overweight people, being overweight is thyroid suffering, uncontrollable outside factor and not due to their bad luck. The mathematics of weight control, balance sheet of calories intake as well as calories burnt decides changes in your weight over a time of period.
Irrespective of whether your metabolic rate is fast or slow, our bodies are planned that way; Extra energy will be store in fat cells. Therefore if you are eating or drinking additional calories (“energy intake”) than your body spends (“energy output”) you will put on grams which gradually will converts into more kilograms. On the other side, if you eat and drink less calories than you burn, you will able to reduce weight even through day to day activities (including sleep,rest exercise). However, our bodies are also designed to sense starvation(lack of food). When this happens our BMR will slow down automatically, that means fewer calories will be burned. That is the reason why dietitian in thane believes that starvation is not the right way to lose weight naturally.
Possibly the most amazing thing about this is how our weight changes over a period of time. Only a few extra calories every day could add to significant weight gain over a period of time. For example, having one extra apple every day in addition to energy required daily; would lead to put on nearly 2kg weight at the end of year! Likewise, even a slight decrease in calories intake every day could lead to notable weight loss. Cut down dessert to only once in a week, could lead to weight loss of nearly 1 to 2 kg at the end of one year
Several theories exist to describe what governs the quantity of food an individual eats, when they sense their tummy full and why some individual eat more even reaching at the point of feeling full. These factors also play an important role in identify in gone's decisive weight. But when it comes to losing weight, metabolic rate is vital and does have a genetic factor. Whether or not you can alter our metabolism is a matter of significant debate. But, you can significantly balance the energy you take in against the energy you burn out by physical activity, which decides your weight loss.