Obesity is a huge problem world over, and is essentially a condition when the calories you consume are more than those you burn. Obesity is caused by a variety of factors, from lifestyle issues to genetics and behavioral reasons. You are at risk of being obese owing to the following factors:
Metabolism is poor in many overweight and obese people owing to lack of activity or genetic reasons. It is a cycle that is hard to break; you are obese because of poor metabolism, and owing to low metabolic rate, you tend to accumulate stored fat.
If you suffer from some conditions like diabetes, hypertension, or thyroid-related disorders, your risk of becoming obese is higher.
Your genes may put you at higher risk of obesity. Your genetic disposition also dictates where the fat is distributed in your body.
Lifestyle issues are a huge risk factor when it comes to obesity. If you tend to lead a sedentary lifestyle and eat a lot of junk food, and guzzle carbonated drinks, you are at risk of becoming obese. Lack of exercise only adds to the risk of adding calories.
Lack of sleep can cause hormonal changes and add to your weight. Poor sleep schedules can make you crave high-calorie foods.
Medications can also put you at risk for obesity if you don't make up through exercise and diet. Some drugs like antidepressants or beta blockers lead to weight gain.
There are mental and emotional factors that add to your weight. When you are depressed, you could tend to eat more. Studies have shown that the stress hormone, cortisol, is related to both depression and obesity. Food could also be used as a substitute or a form of entertainment by many people.
There are also many social factors that could put you at greater risk for obesity. Watching television, attending business lunches, and social-dos could put you at greater risk.
Certain medical conditions like Cushing's syndrome could lead to obesity. In fact, obesity is one of the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome, a hormonal disorder caused by heightened levels of cortisol.
In general, if both your parents are overweight, you have over 75 per cent chances of becoming obese.
Risks associated with obesity
- Obesity puts you at greater risk for diabetes, hypertension and cardiac problems.
- Being extremely overweight is also linked to reproductive problems, urological issues and infertility.
- Obesity could also cause arthritis, as the extra weight burdens the bones and joints.
- Overweight and obese people are known to suffer from self-esteem issues, depression and poor libido.
- Sleep apnea, gallbladder disease, and breathing problems are also risks associated with obesity, as your doctor at an obesity treatment clinic in Bangalore is likely to tell you.