Individuals with extreme obesity may require surgery if it is causing serious health problems and cannot be eliminated by diet and exercise. There are different types of obesity surgeries. These types of surgeries often limit the amount of food intake and some surgeries also affect the absorption certain nutrients like vitamins and calories. Chronic obesity conditions cannot be treated with exercise or diet alone. The best results can however be seen when weight loss surgery is followed by healthy eating habits and exercise.
Understanding how food travels
Before we get into the details Bariatric Surgery, let's understand how the food travels through the body. The food we eat moves along the digestive tract and the digestive juices and enzymes help digest and absorb the nutrients. We chew and swallow our food and it moves down the esophagus to the stomach. Here, strong acids in the stomach continue to digest the food. It's good to know that our stomach can hold upto three pints of food at a time. The contents of the stomach then move to the duodenum which is the first part of the small intestine. Here, the digestion is speed up by bile and pancreatic juices. The iron and calcium that we eat is digested and absorbed here. The 20 feet long intestine then absorbs the remaining calories and nutrients. All the remaining food particles that cannot be digested remain in the large intestine until they can be eliminated.
Types OF Weight Loss Treatments:
Open Surgery and Laparoscopic Surgery
With Open surgery, an incision is made in the stomach and with laparoscopy, surgeons insert complex instruments the inch cuts and a camera guides them with images on a monitor. There are basically four types of operations that are performed AGB, biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch – BPD-DS, and vertical sleeve gastrectomy – VSG and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).
Each of these surgeries has it's own advantages and risks involved. The advantages and risks involved greatly depend on the patient's BMI, eating habits, health conditions and previous surgeries if any. Patients who have complex medical problems and other kind of heart or lung disease or are weighing more than 350 pounds will require an open surgery approach.
It is however important that you research well and select the right Weight loss treatment for yourself at the best obesity surgery hospital in the city.